Nature

Kemerovo Region (also known as Kuzbass) is located in the south-east of Western Siberia and it is almost equidistant from the western and eastern borders of the Russian Federation. Geographically Kuzbass occupies a middle position between Moscow and Vladivostok. The region is included in the sixth time zones.

In its present borders the region was established on January 26, 1943. The area is 95.5 square kilometers. The territory is located at the junction of the West Siberian Plain and the mountains of Southern Siberia. Most of the territory is occupied with Kuznetsk basin, the huge coal reserves that gave the second name of the region – "Kuzbass".

The geographical area of ​​ Kemerovo Region has a wide variety of landforms that have a certain influence on other elements of the physical and geographical environment. The largest mountain system in the region is the Kuznetsky Alatau. The western border of Kuznetsk basin is ancient the Salair Ridge. The southern part of Kemerovo Region, Gornaya (Mountain) Shoria, is a territory where the ridges of Northeastern Altai, Kuznetsky Alatau and Salair Ridge form a complex knot.

Kuzbass has significant mineral deposits and a variety of natural resources.

Vegetation

The vegetation is very diverse. On the mountain tops you can find the plants typical of the tundra and alpine meadows, medium and low mountains are covered with "black forest" - fir-aspen forest with tall grass and relic plants. The foothills and intermountain basins are covered by steppe and forest steppe vegetation. There are islets of pine forests, and in Mountain Shoria and the basin of the Kondoma River near Kuzedeevo village there is a relict grove of Siberian linden. The large part of ​​Kemerovo region with the exception of natural reserves forest districts are established. There are 87 forestry districts. The West Siberian taiga lowland forest area includes forests located in Izhmorka, Mariinsk, Tyazhin, Yaya, Tisul (northern part), Yashkino (northern part) administrative districts. The West Siberian subtaiga-steppe forest area includes forests located in Guryev, Kemerovo, Yurga, Topki, Promyshlennovsky, Leninsk-Kuznetsky, Yashkino (southern part) administrative districts, there are also urban forests of the cities of cities Berezovsky, Gurievsk, Kemerovo, Leninsk-Kuznetsky, Polysaevo, Salair, Topki, Yurga. The Altai-Sayan mountain taiga forest area includes forests located in Chebula (southern part), Tisul (southern part), Krapivino, Belovo, Novokuznetsk, Prokopyevsk, Mezhdurechensk, Tashtagol administrative districts, state natural reserve "Kuznetsky Alatau", "Shor National Park" and urban forests of the cities of Belovo, Kaltan, Mezhdurechensk, Myski, Novokuznetsk, Osinniki, Tashtagol, Kiselevsk, Prokopyevsk. In general, in Kemerovo Region coniferous plantations present 48.2 percent of the main forest-forming species, including pine 2.7 percent, spruce 2.3 percent, fir tree 37.7 percent, larch 0.2 percent, cedar 5.3 percent. Softwood plantations present 51.8 percent, including birch 28.7 percent, aspen 22.5 percent, willow tree 0.5 percent, linden and poplar - about 0.1 percent.

Animal world

Of the large animals live moose and red deer, roe deer and Siberian reindeer, the latter can be found only in the mountains of the Kuznetsky Alatau. Brown bear, lynx, and wolverine are among the most typical predators. Some animals: squirrel, muskrat and birds: grouse, hazel grouse, black grouse are of commercial value.

Protection of Nature

Kuznetsky Alatau Natural Reserve and Shor National Park are located on the territory of the region.

Ecology

There are a number of open pit mines occupying  large areas of land in the region. As to the number of industrial enterprises, Kemerovo Region occupies a leading position in the Russian Federation. In the cities and districts of Kemerovo Region there are several posts of air quality environmental monitoring. Several districts have specially protected areas. Red Data Book of Kemerovo Region has been published. Kemerovo Regional Administration receives annual reports on the status and protection of the environment of Kemerovo Region.  The region has 18 environment observation posts (8 in Novokuznetsk, 8 in Kemerovo, 2 in Prokopyevsk).
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